Orange

Orange

– Parts used in the Orange: Mature fruit   – Family: Rutaceae   – History and information: Oranges were first grown in southeast Asia, northeastern India and southern China and were first cultivated in China around 2500 BC. Oranges are tropical to semitropical, small evergreen flowering trees growing to about 5 to 8 meters tall. Evergreen means they produce flowers and fruit all at the same time. In the northern hemisphere orange fruit season begins in October and lasts until February. – Nutritional value: 4% Vitamin A 85% Vitamin C…

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Peas

Peas

– Parts used in the peas: Green or dry grains of peas   – Family: Fabaceae   – History and information: In early times, peas were grown mostly for their dry seeds. From plants growing wild in the Mediterranean basin, constant selection since the Neolithic dawn of agriculture improved their yield. – Nutritional value: Peas are starchy, but high in fiber, protein, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin K, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc and lutein. Dry weight is about one-quarter protein and one-quarter sugar. Pea seed peptide fractions…

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Pineapple

Pineapple

– Parts used in the Pineapple: Mature fruit   – Family: Bromeliaceae   – History and information: Pineapples were discovered by Europeans in 1493 on the Caribbean island of Guadalupe. Early attempts by Europeans to cultivate the fruit failed until they realized that the fruit needs a tropical climate to flourish. By the end of the 16th century, Portuguese and Spanish explorers introduced pineapples into their Asian, African and South Pacific colonies. Pineapples were first cultivated in Hawaii in the 18th century. Hawaii is the only U.S. state in which…

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Artichoke

Artichoke

– Parts used in the Artichoke: Leaves, neck and head   – Family: Asteraceae   – History and information: Artichokes are known in their natural form as cardoon, and their scientific classification is Cynara cardunculus, and it is native to the Mediterranean region, which is primarily why artichokes play such a major part of their cuisine on a number of levels. Artichokes can be found throughout Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas, but they are less frequently encountered in Asian nations. – Nutritional value: Artichokes are one of the…

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Matricaria Chamomilla – Wild Chamomile

Matricaria Chamomilla - Wild Chamimile

– FAMILY: Compositae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: The true or Common Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) is a low-growing plant, creeping or trailing, its tufts of leaves and flowers a foot high. The root is perennial, jointed and fibrous, the stems, hairy and freely branching, are covered with leaves which are divided into thread-like segments, the fineness of which gives the whole plant a feathery appearance. The blooms appear in the later days of summer, from the end of July to September, and are borne solitary on long, erect stalks, drooping when…

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Rosmarinus officinalis – Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis- Rosemary

– FAMILY: Labiatae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrub with leaves similar to hemlock needles. It is native to the Mediterranean and Asia, but is reasonably hardy in cool climates. It can withstand droughts, surviving a severe lack of water for lengthy periods. Forms range from upright to trailing; the upright forms can reach 1.5 m (5 ft) tall, rarely 2 m (6 ft 7 in). (1) The leaves are evergreen, 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long and 2–5 mm broad, green above, and white below, with…

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Calendula officinalis – marigold

Calendula officinalis - marigold

– FAMILY: Compositae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Pot marigold or calendula (Calendula officinalis) is an annual or sometimes biennial plant with erect stems up to 40 – 70 cm. tall. It has a deep taproot. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, oblong, spatulate, margins entire or with few teeth, and hairy. Calendula is known for its large flower heads, 5 – 7cm. in diameter. It blooms from June to early November. The marigold flower is an inflorescence. It belongs to the family of Compositae, and, as its name suggests, each flower…

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Agave Americana – Agave

Agave Americana - Agave

– FAMILY: Amaryllidaceae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: The largest and most majestic of the native Texas Agaves, Agave americana often grows as tall as 6 feet. Its leaves are gray-blue to blue-green with spines at the tips and on the margins; the older leaves often gracefully arch down. Century plant lives for 10 to 25 years (the “century” is an exaggeration) before it uses all its reserves to produce a magnificent flower stalk that can be 15 feet tall. After that the original plant dies, but is replaced by small…

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