Orange

Orange

– Parts used in the Orange: Mature fruit   – Family: Rutaceae   – History and information: Oranges were first grown in southeast Asia, northeastern India and southern China and were first cultivated in China around 2500 BC. Oranges are tropical to semitropical, small evergreen flowering trees growing to about 5 to 8 meters tall. Evergreen means they produce flowers and fruit all at the same time. In the northern hemisphere orange fruit season begins in October and lasts until February. – Nutritional value: 4% Vitamin A 85% Vitamin C…

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Peas

Peas

– Parts used in the peas: Green or dry grains of peas   – Family: Fabaceae   – History and information: In early times, peas were grown mostly for their dry seeds. From plants growing wild in the Mediterranean basin, constant selection since the Neolithic dawn of agriculture improved their yield. – Nutritional value: Peas are starchy, but high in fiber, protein, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin K, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, iron, zinc and lutein. Dry weight is about one-quarter protein and one-quarter sugar. Pea seed peptide fractions…

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Pineapple

Pineapple

– Parts used in the Pineapple: Mature fruit   – Family: Bromeliaceae   – History and information: Pineapples were discovered by Europeans in 1493 on the Caribbean island of Guadalupe. Early attempts by Europeans to cultivate the fruit failed until they realized that the fruit needs a tropical climate to flourish. By the end of the 16th century, Portuguese and Spanish explorers introduced pineapples into their Asian, African and South Pacific colonies. Pineapples were first cultivated in Hawaii in the 18th century. Hawaii is the only U.S. state in which…

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Artichoke

Artichoke

– Parts used in the Artichoke: Leaves, neck and head   – Family: Asteraceae   – History and information: Artichokes are known in their natural form as cardoon, and their scientific classification is Cynara cardunculus, and it is native to the Mediterranean region, which is primarily why artichokes play such a major part of their cuisine on a number of levels. Artichokes can be found throughout Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas, but they are less frequently encountered in Asian nations. – Nutritional value: Artichokes are one of the…

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