Brassica Sp – Black Mustard

Brassica Sp - Black Mustard

– FAMILY: Brassicaceae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: The flowers are elongating racemes with an adjusted cluster at the end of the stem and maturing seed capsules along the stem below. The yellow blossoms are around 1/3 inch across, the four petals are oval to round, wide at the tip with a thin tapered base on a short stalk. Behind the flower are 4 narrow yellow sepals. Leaves are variable. Lower leaves are over to 10 inches long and 4 inches wide, with a wide rounded lobe at the tip with…

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Scilla maritima – Squill

Scilla maritima - Squill

– FAMILY: Liliaceae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Scilla maritima – Squill grows from a large bulb which can be up to 20 cm wide and weigh 1 kg. A few bulbs may grow in a clump and are generally just underneath the surface of the soil. In the spring, every bulb creates a rosette of around ten leaves each up to a meter long. They are dark green and leathery in texture. They die away by fall, when the bulb produces a tall, narrow raceme of flowers. This inflorescence can…

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Berberis vulgaris – Barberry

Berberis vulgaris - Barberry

– FAMILY: Berberidaceae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Berberis vulgaris, also called regular barberry, European barberry or simply barberry, is a shrub in the genus Berberis. It produces edible yet strongly acidic berries, which people in numerous nations eat as a tart and refreshing fruit. It is a deciduous shrub growing up to 4 meters (13 ft) high. The leaves are little oval, (2–5 cm) long and (1–2 cm) wide, with a serrated edge; they are borne in bunches of 2-5 together, subtended by a three-stretched spine 3–8 mm long. The…

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Allium cepa – Onion

Allium cepa - Onion

– FAMILY: Amaryllidaceae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Allium cepa, the onion (also called bulb onion or common onion) and the shallot (A. cepa var. aggregatum), is a monocot bulbous perennial (often biannual). It is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium, which includes other important species such as garlic (A. sativum) and leeks (A. ampeloprasum). The name “wild onion” is applied to various Alliums. Allium species are among the oldest cultivated crops. Diverse representations in Egyptian artifacts dating to 2700 B.C. (1) Onions are widely used on cooking in…

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Matricaria Chamomilla – Wild Chamomile

Matricaria Chamomilla - Wild Chamimile

– FAMILY: Compositae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: The true or Common Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis) is a low-growing plant, creeping or trailing, its tufts of leaves and flowers a foot high. The root is perennial, jointed and fibrous, the stems, hairy and freely branching, are covered with leaves which are divided into thread-like segments, the fineness of which gives the whole plant a feathery appearance. The blooms appear in the later days of summer, from the end of July to September, and are borne solitary on long, erect stalks, drooping when…

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Rosmarinus officinalis – Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis- Rosemary

– FAMILY: Labiatae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Rosemary is an aromatic evergreen shrub with leaves similar to hemlock needles. It is native to the Mediterranean and Asia, but is reasonably hardy in cool climates. It can withstand droughts, surviving a severe lack of water for lengthy periods. Forms range from upright to trailing; the upright forms can reach 1.5 m (5 ft) tall, rarely 2 m (6 ft 7 in). (1) The leaves are evergreen, 2–4 cm (0.8–1.6 in) long and 2–5 mm broad, green above, and white below, with…

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Calendula officinalis – marigold

Calendula officinalis - marigold

– FAMILY: Compositae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: Pot marigold or calendula (Calendula officinalis) is an annual or sometimes biennial plant with erect stems up to 40 – 70 cm. tall. It has a deep taproot. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, oblong, spatulate, margins entire or with few teeth, and hairy. Calendula is known for its large flower heads, 5 – 7cm. in diameter. It blooms from June to early November. The marigold flower is an inflorescence. It belongs to the family of Compositae, and, as its name suggests, each flower…

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Agave Americana – Agave

Agave Americana - Agave

– FAMILY: Amaryllidaceae   – PLANT DESCRIPTION: The largest and most majestic of the native Texas Agaves, Agave americana often grows as tall as 6 feet. Its leaves are gray-blue to blue-green with spines at the tips and on the margins; the older leaves often gracefully arch down. Century plant lives for 10 to 25 years (the “century” is an exaggeration) before it uses all its reserves to produce a magnificent flower stalk that can be 15 feet tall. After that the original plant dies, but is replaced by small…

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